argumentative essay about mobile phones

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The children that were massacred were all under the age of seven during this time. Since the Sandy Hook shooting in Connecticut, it has sparked the debate on gun control in the United States.

Sandy Hook. Prior to the mass shooting, violent crime had been rare in the town. Friedman, Emily. With the large number of guns, it could become unpredictable without proper gun control. As an example, the tragedy was brought upon the nation on December 14 , twenty children and six staff members was killed by a single man at Sandy Hook Elementary school. New York passed the Ammunition and Firearms enforcement act of becoming the first state to respond to the tragedy in Newton, Connecticut Rosebrugh.

Andrew Cuomo, who signed it into law now requires gun licenses to be renewed. Advocates of Gun Control think right does not lead to the owenership of a military-style weapon that are also known as Assault rifles. It is tragic and infamous events such as The sandy hook elementary, or The Columbine High School shooting that truly make people think and question the United States ' gun laws and issues.

They look at events such as the Columbine High school shoooting in which ended up in the 14 deaths of students. The results of this horrific massacre took the lives of 20 children and six adult staff members. This shooting changed the way society controls security, mental health and overall personal awareness towards these events. The shooter, Adam Lanza, first shot his mother on the morning of December 14, because she supposedly was trying to have him committed to a mental institution, which is what triggered his rage.

After he cold-bloodedly killed his mother, Lanza progressed on to Sandy Hook Elementary and proceeded to murder twenty children and six administrators. Coulter is a conservative columnist.


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Shootings and massacres are not a recent phenomenon, however, a historical recurrence. The first known case of a school massacre was reported July, 26th, , an incident of the Pontiac War. Three Native American men raided a schoolhouse, in now present day Greencastle, Pennsylvania, and killed the Schoolmaster, Enoch Brown.

Columbine massacre in , the Virginia tech shooting in , Ford Hood shooting in and the town of Newtown, the Sandy Hook elementary shooting. On December 14, , the 20 year old Adam Lanza entered Sandy Hook Elementary school in Newtown, Connecticut with multiple firearms and fatally shot twenty children and six adults in the attack, soon after he shot and killed himself before the police arrived.

The Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting Essay -- tragedy,violence, che

There was no indication on why or what his motives were, or why he targeted the sandy hook. Also included here would be the primary family members of these children and staff members who waited with extreme distress to see who would emerge alive. Parents and close relatives of the children and dozens of staff members who ultimately emerged alive maintained an anguishing vigil until their families were reunited.

The hours of uncertainty, without proof of life, prior to reunification were agonizing and potentially traumatizing.

My Son Was Killed At Sandy Hook — For Mother's Day, I'm Fighting To Protect Yours

Media coverage focused on the visibly distressed parents hovering at the periphery of the school, talking animatedly on their cell phones, and bunched in small groups for mutual support. Mixed with relief and gratitude, a powerful variation of survivor guilt played out for families whose children survived. Parents whose children, once released, sprinted toward their waiting embrace came together to support families less fortunate whose child was shot dead in a classroom just yards away from where there children had been spared.

Tier 3: Bereaved extended family members. Intensely-involved emergency responders. The third level of exposure intensity merges two categories of persons, the extended family members of those who were killed and the frontline responders. With more than primary family members acutely bereaved by the shooting, the inclusion of extended family members grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, other household members certainly amplifies this number to more than 1, As a small community, some of these personnel were part-time responders from a variety of professions.

For all, the slaughter they witnessed had to be very troubling. Tier 4: Care providers. Media personnel. Psychological impact was also felt by the mental health providers, clergy, chaplains, and spiritual leaders. School district personnel were tasked with providing support to Sandy Hook Elementary School students and staff who were relocated to continue their education in other schools. Media personnel were camped out in Newtown for weeks, witnessing and absorbing the effects of the shooting on the community.

Tier 5: Community of Newtown.

Persons involved off-scene in the response. Stakeholders on issues of violence and mental health. Expanding beyond those with direct ties to Sandy Hook Elementary School, the entire community of Newtown has been forever affected. A strong, cohesive community, they were showcased in their grief and heroism in the nationally televised prayer service and with grassroots organizations such as the Sandy Hook Promise www. Also potentially affected psychologically, though at a more peripheral level, were government officials involved in response off-scene, public health professionals dealing with firearm violence, US stakeholders on issues of violence and mental health, and groups that identify professionally with the target victims such as teachers who work in school systems that regularly experience high risks for interpersonal violence.

Tier 6: The Nation at large. The Newtown shooting was extensively televised and promulgated explosively through traditional and social media. The event, unfolding during the year-end family holiday season, was riveting for the nation at large and provoked strong emotional reaction in addition to energized rhetoric, debate, and dialog. Population Exposure Model. The PEM diagram consists of a set of concentric circles expanding outward from the point of maximum impact, inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School, the epicenter of the event.

The inner rings, representing intense exposure are presented in shades of bright red and orange. Expanding from the center is a sequence of progressively larger rings, representing increasingly larger numbers of affected persons, but with diminishing intensities of exposure. From the PEM model, it is apparent that while the physical harm was concentrated and confined inside a single building, the Sandy Hook Elementary School, the psychological impact radiated outward to the farthest reaches of the nation.

Mass media provide the conduits for propelling the story to the public. Although extremely rare, rampage shootings are closely watched and loom large as examples in the public consciousness of larger social issues, such as school and gun violence. Indeed, the development of the social discourse and problem awareness surrounding the issue of school shootings cannot be seen apart from media processes. Mass media portrayals serve as an integral and inseparable part of the events themselves. People tend to unconsciously rely on the sheer volume of available event information to help them made judgments about event frequency; well-publicized events are incorrectly judged to occur more frequently than events that are not as well-publicized.

The misguided notion that school shooting massacres are likely to occur in many communities across America is an example of how the availability bias can lead to a seemingly media-driven distortion of risk. Gun deaths are indeed common but not mass shooting episodes. Consider that 30 gun homicides occur every day, equivalent to more than 11, per year. The average number of school rampage shooting deaths is just 6 per year.

As one indicator of the disproportionate news coverage accorded to school mass shootings, Slate. However, operating from a public health vantage, we point out that the prominent media play given to shooting massacres may obscure the fact that most gun deaths are suicides and single-victim homicides. The four deadliest school shootings in United States history occurred in distinctly different eras of mass media evolution.

The story of the Texas Tower sniper was conveyed to the public through the traditional channels of network television, radio, and print media. At the time of the Virginia Tech University shooting, the use of social networking sites was an emerging trend but effective applications of social media in emergencies was yet to be developed. In contrast, by the time of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, social media had expanded to become a dominant force for citizen communications about the event.

The proliferation of social media sites has lowered the technological threshold for citizen participation in the digital sphere, thus catapulting many times more participants into the public discourse on current events. SNSs provide a vast and inclusive platform for immediate, multi-directional communication and social connection.

SNS users can convey their own story about the event and share their personal thoughts, feelings and perspectives. This creates a wealth of information and data that can be analyzed to understand the salient themes, reactions, and sentiments related to the event. Based on the fact that online and SNS technology provides an ideologically neutral context for networking and communications, and a mechanism to instantly spread news reports worldwide, researchers are beginning to explore the role that online and social media play in events such as Sandy Hook.

Not all internet and SNS users engage with online and social media the same way or for the same purpose.

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Not only is information shared quickly, but social media also brings people together. It allows people to be connected instantly while simultaneously creating, consuming, and controlling the media event. To better understand the conversations happening in online and social media sites and how these conversations travel, researchers have developed new tools and technologies for collecting and analyzing the data generated. Using these tools, it is possible to sort and analyze the Tweets of interest related to the Newtown shooting.

Sandy Hook Elementary Shooting: Gunman Adam Lanza Got Guns From Mother

One million of these Tweets originated from a media source, whereas 2 million Tweets originated from non-media sources. The geographic view of these Tweets shows an intense concentration of Tweets from inside Newtown and surrounding Fairfield County, with elevated levels for the entire State of Connecticut. Yet the expansive national and global diffusion of Tweets on this incident highlights that online and social media have the power not only to disseminate information, but also to connect individuals instantly and without physical — or geographical — limitations.

Tweets from December 13, —February 20, While the volume of Tweets related to the Newtown shooting dropped slightly over time, the public renewed social media conversations at times when President Obama made public statements about the event and demanded a call to action. To be expected, these hash tags caused a spike on the day of the event, December 14, When multiple concurrent events vie for attention, each with powerful public health, public safety, and public policy implications, how does a single incident emerge that compels and commands the focus of the American public?

We have described six hallmarks of the Sandy Hook shooting massacre that coalesced into a riveting story and a call for action. The event was random and extreme. Americans identified closely with Newtown. A sitting President made this rampage shooting his personal mission. Powerful psychological reactions spread nationwide. Social media messaging reverberated throughout the digital sphere, keeping individuals engaged in multi-way conversation. However, a call to action neither guarantees immediate change nor necessarily predicts the direction that change may take. As a tipping point, Newtown has acted as a fulcrum for action.

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Yet the leverage for action has been applied in opposite directions by competing factions. The most significant federal legislation brought forward as a direct result of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting was a bill to require background checks prior to authorizing a gun purchase. Family members of the Newtown victims were in Washington to actively lobby in favor of this legislation. By June , six months after the shooting, 86 state gun laws had been passed post-Newtown. From a balanced perspective, hopefully, going forward, the momentum of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting will be channeled into an earnest search, and dedicated research, to identify a set of acceptable solutions to diminish the population burden, and the individualized horror, of gun violence in America.

National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.