It is suggested that Snowball, Mr. Jones, and Napoleon be used in this analysis but there are other great examples as well. Like the ideological battle that was raged in Russia between the classes, the one that is played out in this novel have many of the same themes, including an initial push to strengthen the working class, a strong beginning movement of nationalism and unity, a series of successful efforts to topple the ruling authority Mr.
Jones , all followed by a complete totalitarian takeover by a dictator who is a hypocrite and goes back on many of the promises he made at the height of the revolutionary action. For an essay on this subject, it would be useful to spend a good two paragraphs detailing the events of the Russian Revolution and subsequent Communist rule before looking at how the history and the novel are alike.
Although the society was founded after the rebellion with great ideals about the future of Manor Farm, the influences of power and greed finally gave way and the residents of Manor Farm were far worse then they were under Mr. For this essay, you could go multiple directions. On the one hand, you can claim that it was a utopia after Napoleon because a great deal of work was being done and it was an efficient society.
On the other hand and it might be one heck of a lot easier you can claim that a quintessential dystopia was created. This would make for an excellent argumentative or comparison to essay; just make sure your thesis statement is strong and solid. For an excellent example of an essay on Animal Farm,.
For a great essay on Animal Farm and Lord of the Flies in terms of their representations of utopias and dystopias, check this out. All quotes contain page numbers as well. Look at the bottom of the page to identify which edition of the text they are referring to.
You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in selfishness and privilege? Milk and apples contain substances absolutely necessary to the well-being of a pig. We pigs are brain workers; the organization of the farm totally depends on us" He does not give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plow, he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet he is lord of all the animals" He was not much of a talker, but had a reputation for getting his own way".. Snowball was a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive but did not have the character depth that Napoleon did" He said that the education of the young was more important than anything that could be done for those who were already grown up" Animal Farm was first published in August of , in England, later published the next year in the United States of America.
Orwell wrote Animal Farm as a satire with the intention of attacking a real system of belief. This book was a reflection of the events that lead up to and after the Russian Revolution in , and later, the rule under Stalin. There is a great amount of symbolism in this book. The parallels that the Orwell draws to the Russian Revolution make this story an example of an allegory. Old Major inspires the animals of Manor Farm to consider revolting in hopes of a new and better life, representing Karl Marx and his beliefs.
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Snowball wants to carry out the dreams of Old Major, and improve the economy through industry using the windmill. However, he loses the battle for power and ends up being chased off the farm. Napoleon took power by force and used it to improve the conditions for himself, the supporting pigs, and his dogs at the expense of everyone else. Napoleon represents Stalin, who is not considered part of the Russian Revolution per se, but instead a transition to a bureaucratic dictatorship.
Squealer never got power for himself, but worked with Napoleon to keep all the animals under his control. During that time period, the government used the press to spread propaganda to sell Stalin to the people. One more example of symbolism found in this book is the flag they would run up every Sunday morning in the farmhouse garden. The flag was green to represent the green fields of England, while the hoof and the horn signified their future once the human race had been finally overthrown.
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This flag was almost identical to the flag of the Soviet Union. A plain red flag, with a gold hammer crossed with a sickle, placed beneath a star. Macdonald wrote to Orwell describing to different views people have of his book and interpretations. He then proceeded to ask which view was closest to the motive for his story. Of course I intended it primarily as a satire on the Russian revolution. But I did mean it to have a wider application in so much that I meant that that kind of revolution violent conspiratorial revolution, led by unconsciously power-hungry people can only lead to a change of masters.
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I meant the moral to be that revolutions only effect a radical improvement when the masses are alert and know how to chuck out their leaders as soon as the latter have done their job. The turning-point of the story was supposed to be when the pigs kept the milk and apples for themselves Kronstadt. If the other animals had had the sense to put their foot down then, it would have been all right. If people think I am defending the status quo, that is, I think, because they have grown pessimistic and assume that there is no alternative except dictatorship or laissez-faire capitalism. In the case of Trotskyists, there is the added complication that they feel responsible for events in the USSR up to about and have to assume that a sudden degeneration took place about that date.
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Whereas I think the whole process was foreseeable—and was foreseen by a few people, eg. Bertrand Russell—from the very nature of the Bolshevik party. To summarize, Orwell wrote Animal Farm to illustrate the way stalinism had betrayed the ideals of the socialist revolution in the Soviet Union. He used animals to write an allegorical fable that could be read on the surface as an entertaining story about animals.
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His deeper meaning was an attack on those who misuse their political power in the government, namely Stalin, a dictator of Russia. We may not remember the distinct historical parallels that George Orwell references, but the warning against a rebellion turning into a tyranny is still being remembered.